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Generation 8

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Russell Leach
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Martha McCutchen
Generation 8
Susanna Caldwell

 

 

 

96. Susanna (Susana) (Susanna) (Susannah) Caldwell: (Married: John McCutchen Sr. (#95) on 9 March 1790). (The source of this green information is Mary Hammersmith. On December 5, 2002, Mary Hammersmith (descended from Nancy McCutchen, daughter of John and Susanna (Caldwell) McCutchen) wrote in an e-mail to Susan Leach Snyder (#2), “I think I can help you with this. I am descended from John McCutchen and wife Susanna Caldwell, who had an inn on the northern edge of Kingston on the Ross-Pickaway County border. I have a copy of the old McCutchen Bible. Besides, my grandmother, b. 1856, corresponded with her cousin (Mary L. Kirkham) about these families, and the same data as is in the Bible was in their letters.) The marriage probably occurred in the early 1790s in either Virginia or Kentucky according to The May Family of Kingston, Ohio; a genealogy of Henry and Susannah McCutchen May and their descendants, with sections on the McCutchen and Taylor families and related lines by Richard Holman May, 1969, page 36, The Ohio Historical Society. According to Ross County, Ohio, Early Families Vol. IV by Ross County Genealogical Society: 1998, p. 161 & 311, Ohio Historical Society, compiled by John Gray, P.O. Box 86, Mount Victory, Ohio 43340, Susannah Caldwell married John McCutcheon on 9 Mar 1790 in Kentucky.

 

Born: 22 May 1770 in Virginia (1770 or 1771) of Joseph Caldwell (#191) [Source: Ross County, Ohio, Early Families Vol. IV by Ross County Genealogical Society: 1998, p. 161 & 311, Ohio Historical Society, compiled by John Gray, P.O. Box 86, Mount Victory, Ohio 43340] 22 May 1778 & Unknown Mother (#192).

Died: 19 November 1843 at Kingston, Ohio. She died from injuries resulting from a burn. She died at the home of her daughter, Susana and Henry May in Kingston, Ohio. (The source of this information is Mary Hammersmith who wrote to Susan Snyder (#2) in 2002 that this information was copied by Mary L. Kirkham from the McCutchen Bible.) She died in the 73rd year of her age and she buried in Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, near Kingston, Ohio. Her burial site, date of death, and age were confirmed by a visit to the cemetery 17 June 2006 by Susan Leach Snyder (#2). (GPS: 39° 27.749 N, 82° 55.889' W)

 

[Her siblings, if any, are unknown.]

 

Miscellaneous:

According to The May Family of Kingston, Ohio genealogy, Susanna “was born in 1770 or 1771, calculating from her age at death as given on her gravestone."

John McCutchen, Sr. and Susanna settled in Kentucky in 1793. They settled in Ohio, April 7th 1805.

John and Susanna McCutchen apparently had several children. Susannah, seemingly the oldest, was born on October 2, 1794, in Kentucky. James was born in 1795 or 1796, probably in Kentucky. Joseph was born on February 2, 1798, in Harrison Co., Kentucky (Source: Leggett, Conaway & Company 1884, HISTORY OF WYANDOT COUNTY, OHIO, pages 1031, 1033, 1035, and 1053-55), Chicago, Illinois.) John McCutchen Jr. was born ‘near Lexington, Kentucky’ (Source: Lewis Publishing Co., (The) 1888, BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD AND PORTRAIT ALBUM OF TIPPECANOE COUNTY, INDIANA, page 624), possibly in Fayette County, in 1802 (Source: Virkus, F.A. Co. 1928 THE ABRIDGED COMPENDIUM OF AMERICAN GENEALOGY, Volume III, page 317, Chicago, Illinois). There may have been a daughter Hannah born in 1808 or 1809. (A Mrs. Hannah Kinnear, wife of Samuel Kinnear, who died on Sept. 10, 1828, “in the 20th year of her age”, was buried in Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Kingston, near the graves of James McCutchen, son of John and Susanna McCutchen and of Eliza Ross Rockwell, daughter of same parents.) Eliza Ross McCutchen, apparently the youngest child of John and Susanna McCutchen, was born June 5, 1812, and probably in Chillicothe, Ohio.”

Their adult children lived at New Holland and Kingston and Joseph lived at McCutchenvlle, Crawford Co., which still exists. He was a member of the Ohio Legislature of the winter 1843.

Susan Snyder (compiler of this website) notes that John and Susanna’ daughter, Martha (#48), (Susan’s Great Great Great Grandmother) is not sited in the May Family of Kingston, Ohio genealogy. However, it was confirmed by Mary Hammersmith (e-mail on 8 December 2002 to Susan Snyder) that in the McCutchen family Bible, Martha was listed as one of the children of John McCutchen and Susanna Caldwell.

Additional sources support the fact that John and Susanna had 10 children in all: Mary, Susannah, James, Joseph, Nancy, John, Martha (#48) (known as “Patsy”), Cyrus, Hannah, and Eliza Ross. (Source of orange: Ross County, Ohio Early Families Vol. IV by Ross County Genealogical Society: 1998, p, 161 & 311, Ohio Historical Society; compiled by John Gray, P.O. Box 86, Mount Victory, Ohio 43340).

John McCutchen and wife Susanna Caldwell had an inn on the northern edge of Kingston on the Ross-Pickaway County border. Prior to his death, John, Susanna's husband also owned an inn in Chillicothe, Ohio. After John died on the Natchez Trace on 3 July 1822, Susanna ran another inn in Kingston, along with her son, Joseph.

[Note: Imagine the life of Susanna, mother of 10 and wife of a man who owns a farm and runs two taverns. She is likely extremely busy raising the family, as well as helping out at the farm and taverns. Then, her husband decides to go to New Orleans. Many of the children have grown when he leaves, but there are still young children at home. He plans to return, but dies on his way home of cholera morbus. Eliza is only 10 when her father dies. ]

A Standard History of Ross County Ohio Vol I, Ross County Genealogical Society 1987, Ohio Historical Society states, “Widow Susanna McCutchen also kept an early tavern in the village, the barn of which was destroyed by fire in 1831, and several stage horses burned to death.

"The road through Kingston was known in the early days as the Lancaster Rd.......President Monroe and party passed through the town in 1817, and remained at dinner with James McCutchen, who then kept one of the taverns. It was the regular route from the southwest and west, to the Federal city, and was traveled by most of the prominent men of the day.”

According to The May Family of Kingston, Ohio; page 37, “In 1817, President James Monroe stopped to have dinner at the tavern of Susanna McCutchen in Kingston, where stage coaches frequently stopped.“ (Source Federal Writers Project of Ohio, Works Progress Administration 1938 CHILLICOTHE AND ROSS COUNTY, See page 78, under Kingston.)

The widow Susanna McCutchen apparently operated her tavern in Kingston through the 1820’s, for it is noted (Source: Williams Bros. 1880 HISTORY OF ROSS AND HIGHLAND COUNTIES, OHIO Cleveland Ohio) that in 1831 the barn of her tavern was destroyed by fire and several stage-horses burned to death. How long after this episode she kept the tavern is not known. She died on Nov. 19, 1843, ‘in the 73rd year of her age’, and was buried in Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, near Kingston, Ohio.”

An article titled "Mansion has long history of occupancy", published in Pickaway Places, Pickaway People, Volume II by Darlene F. Weaver, Pickaway County Historical Society (As reprinted from the Circleville Herald) states that the tavern was located on State Route 159, just north of Kingston, and that William Entreken and Susan McCutcheon ran the tavern in later years. [Comments from Susan Snyder: There must have been a strong connection between the Entreken and McCutchen families. John McCutchen's brother, Thomas, married Martha Entrekin, daughter of James Entrekin. (Source: History of Franklin and Pickaway Counties, Ohio, published by Williams Bros, 1880, p. 271). According to Pickaway Places, Pickaway People, Volume III, two Entrekens, William and John, had business dealings with Susanna after her husband's death. Martha Entrekin had brothers named William and John. They would have been Susanna's brothers-in-law. As stated in the article, William and Susanna ran the tavern north of Kingston in its later years and Susanna sold the property to John Entreken after William's death. This may be inaccurate because according to History of Franklin and Pickaway Counties, Ohio, Published by Williams Bros in 1880, p. 268 states that John Entrekin bought the property from a son of John McCutchen in 1828. Perhaps, John purchased the property and William and Susanna ran the tavern. According to History of Franklin and Pickaway Counties, Ohio, after his death, John Entreken's son William W. Entreken's lived on the property. There is some confusion here. Was the William running the tavern with Susanna her brother-in-law or her nephew? Both were named William. The article says she sold the property to John Entreken after William's death.. but William (her brother-in-law) returned to PA where he died in July 1854 (11 years after Susanna) according to History of Franklin and Pickaway Counties, Ohio p. 271 and William W. (her nephew, outlived her brother-in-law John who died in 1842) according to p. 269.]

Susanna was a very durable woman. She died in a fire when the inn burned down. This was copied from the McCutchen Bible by Mary Laura Kirkham and described to Susan Leach Snyder #2 by Mary Hammersmith.

[Note: The term "tavern" and "inn" were interchangeable in the 1800s. Both establishments served drinks and provided food and lodging.

Susanna was likely helping John run his taverns before his trip to New Orleans. During his absence, she took more leadership. It is unknown when John left to begin his trip to New Orleans. In 1813, James McCutchen, (one of Susanna's sons) built a tavern at the corner of Main and Ing street in what would become Kingston. Susanna was probably helping James at that tavern, too. Sources vary in the story about who actually owned and operated that tavern. According to The May Family of Kingston, Ohio p. 37, in "1817, President James Monroe stopped to have dinner at the tavern of Susanna McCutchen in Kingston." But according to A Standard History of Ross County Ohio Vol I, Ross County Genealogical Society 1987, Ohio Historical Society, "President James Monroe remained at dinner with James McCutchen, who then kept one of the taverns." Whichever is true, James died in 1820 at only 24 years of age, and it appears that Susanna ran the tavern after that. Joseph (another son) may have been helping Susanna run both Kingston taverns, but by 1827 he had married and moved away. The tavern in Kingston burned in 1831, killing several stage coach horses. It is uncertain whether Susanna kept that tavern after the fire.

After her husband's death (July 3, 1822), it is unclear whether anyone in the family kept the tavern in Chillicothe that he had purchased in 1815.

At some point, Susanna became partners with William Entreken (who was either her brother-in-law or nephew) of the tavern north of Kingston. She or her son, John, sold that tavern to John Entreken after William died. In 1843, Susanna was killed at the age of 73 as the result of burns from a tavern fire, but it is unclear which tavern.]

 

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Lifetime Events Summary for Susannah Caldwell:

Event
Date
Susannah's age
Birth
1770
0
Revolutionary War
1775 - 1783
5 - 13
Marriage
1790
20
Birth of Children
1791-1812
21 - 42
Birth of daughter (Martha (#48))
1804
34
Husband Licensed tavern in Pickaway County, OH
1807
37
Husband Licensed tavern in Chillicothe, OH
1812
42
War of 1812
1812 - 1815
42 - 45
Death of Husband
1822
52
Death
1843
73

 

Contact person for this website is Susan Snyder: susanleachsnyder@gmail.com