Magnoliophyte (Flowering Plant) Species in the Christopher B. Smith Preserve

Magnoliophyte Characteristics: Another name for a magnoliophyte is an angiosperm. This plant division includes plants that have leaves, stems, roots, and seeds enclosed in a shell-like coating. There are two classes: monocots and dicots.

Monocot seedlings have only one seed leaf and include grasses, lilies, sedges, bulb plants, orchids, cattails, greenbriers, some epiphytes, and palms. Click on "grasses" and "epiphytes" to see more information about those groups of plants in the Smith Preserve.

Diocot seedlings have two seed leaves and include legumes, oaks, maples, and composite flowers.Click on "legumes" and "composite flowers" to see more information about those groups of plants in the Smith Preserve.

Interactions in the Smith Preserve: Magnoliophytes convert energy of sunlight to energy other organisms can use. The conversion process is photosynthesis. Herbivores consume nectar, flowers, seeds, wood, leaves, and roots and the energy produced by the magnoliophytes is distributed to animals through the food web. Also during photosynthesis, magnoliophytes produce oxygen. In addition, magnoliophytes provide habitat. Flowering plant roots hold the soil in place, preventing erosion. Some magnoliophytes, like peas (Family Fabaceae), improve soil quality because the roots contain nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Fallen vegetation keeps soil cool and moist, and nutrients are recycled to become humus. Click on the species names below to see the photographs and learn about each of these species.

 
Species Name
Common Name
Abrus precatorius
Rosary Pea
Acacia auriculiformis
Earleaf Acacia
Acalypha gracilens
Slender Threeseed Mercury
Acer rubrum
Red Maple
Aeschynomene americana
Shy-Leaf / American Jointvetch
Albizia lebbeck
Woman's Tongue
Aloe sp.
Aloe
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Common Ragweed
Ampelopsis arborea
Pepper Vine
Andropogon glomeratus pumillus
Bushy Bluestem
Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge Bluestem
Annona glabra
Pond Apple
Ardisia elliptica
Shoebutton Ardisia
Aristida stricta beyrichiana
Wiregrass
Asclepias curassavica
Scarlet Milkweed
Asimina reticulata
Netted Pawpaw
Asparagus setaceus
Asparagus Fern
Averrhoa carambola
Starfruit / Carambola
Baccharis halimifolia
Saltbush
Bacopa monnieri
Water Hyssop
Balduina angustifolia
Coastalplain Honeycombhead / Yellow Buttons
Bidens alba
Beggarticks
Boerhavia diffusa
Red Spiderling / Wineflower
Buchnera americana
Bluehearts
Bursera simaruba
Gumbo Limbo
Callicarpa americana
American Beautyberry
Cassytha filiformis
Love Vine
Catharanthus roseus
Madagascar Periwinkle
Cenchrus gracillimus
Slender Sandbur
Centrosema virginianum
Spurred Butterfly Pea
Ceratiola ericoides
Florida Rosemary
Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge Pea
Chamaecrista nictitans
Sensitive Pea
Chamaesyce bombensis
Dixie Sandmat
Chamaesyce hirta
Hairy Spurge
Chamaesyce mendezii
Mendez’s Sandmat
Chromolaena odorata
Jack-In-The-Bush
Chrysobalanus icaco
Cocoplum
Cicuta maculata
Spotted Water Hemlock
Purple Thistle
Cissus verticillata
Possum Grape
Citharexylum spinosum
Fiddlewood
Citrus spp.
Citrus trees (various)
Cnidoscolus stimulosis
Tread-Softly
Coccoloba uvifera
Sea Grape
Cocos nucifera
Coconut Palm
Colocasia esculenta
Wild Taro
Commelina diffusa
Common Dayflower
Commelina erecta
Whitemouth Dayflower
Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue Mist Ageratum
Conyza canadensis
Dwarf Canadian Horseweed
Corchorus siliquosus
Slippery Burr
Coreopsis leavenworthii
Tickseed
Crinum americanum
String-Lily / Swamp Lily
Crotalaria pallida var. obovata
Smooth Rattlebox
Crotalaria rotundifolia
Rabbitbells
Croton glandulosus
Vente Conmigo
Cupaniopsis anacardioides
Carrotwood / Tuckeroo
Cynodon dactylon
Bermudagrass
Cyperus croceus
Globe Sedge
Cyperus esculentus
Yellow Nutsedge / Chufa Sedge
Cyperus retrorsus
Cylindric Sedge
Dactyloctenium aegyptium
Egyptian Grass / Durban Crowfootgrass
Delonix regia
Royal Poinciana
Desmodium incanum
Ticktrefoil/ Beggar Ticks
Diodia virginiana
Virginia Buttonweed / Poor Joe
Dioscorea bulbifera
Air Potato
Eclipta prostrata
False Daisy / Yerba de Tago
Eleocharis equisetoides
Horsetail Spike Rush
Elephantopus elatus
Tall Elephant's Foot
Emilia fosbergii
Red Tasselflower
Emilia sonchifolia
Purple Tasselflower
Eragrostis elliotti
Elliott's Lovegrass
Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple Lovegrass
Eremochloa ophiurides
Centipedegrass
Eugenia axillaris
White Stopper
Eupatorium capillifolium
Dog Fennel
Ficus aurea
Strangler Fig
Forestiera segregata
Florida Privet
Fraxinus caroliniana
Pop Ash
Galactia regularis
Downy Milkpea
Eastern Milkpea
Gaura angustifolia
Southern Beeblossom
Helianthemum nashii
Nash’s Rock Rose
Helianthus debilis
Beach/Dune Sunflowers
Heliotropium polyphyllum
Pineland Heliotrope
Herissantia crispa
Bladdermallow
Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed
Hibiscus coccineus
Scarlet Hibiscus
Hibiscus moscheutos.
Swamp Rosemallow
Hydrocotyle umbellata
Marsh Pennywort
Hypericum cistifolium
Roundpod St. John's - Wort
Indigofera hirsuta
Hairy Indigo
Ipomoea triloba
Littlebell / Aiea Morning Glory
Iris hexagonia var. savannarum
Prairie Iris
Jasminum dichotomum.
Gold Coast Jasmine
Kyllinga pumila
Low Spikesedge
Lantana camara
Lantana
Lantana involucrata
Wild Sage
Lepidium virginicum
Peppergrass / Virginia Pepperweed
Liatris chapmanii
Chapman's Blazing Star / Chapman's Gayfeather
Liatris tenuifolia
Shortleaf Gayfeather / Scrub Blazing Star
Licania michauxii
Gopher Apple / Ground Oak
Linaria canadensis
Blue Toadflax
Ludwigia decurrens
Winged-Primrose / Willow Primrose
Ludwigia peruviana
Peruvian Primrose Willow
Lygodesmia aphylla
Rose Rush
Lyonia ferruginea
Rusty Lyonia / Rusty Staggerbush
Lyonia fruticosa
Coastal Plain Staggerbush
Macroptilium lathyroides
Wild Bushbean
Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay Magnolia
Melochia spicata
Bretonica Peluda
Mikania scandens
Climbing Hempvine
Mimosa strigillosa
Sunshine Mimosa / Powderpuff
Momordica charantia
Balsam Apple / Bitter Melon
Morus rubra
Red Mulberry
Muhlenbergia capillaris
Muhly Grass
Myrica cerifera
Wax Myrtle
Myrsine floridana
Myrsine
Nuphar advena
Spatterdock / Cow Lily
Oeceoclades maculata
Monk Orchid / African Spotted Orchid
Oldenlandria corymosa
Diamond Flower / Flattop Mille Graines
Opuntia humifusa
Prickly Pear
Palafoxia integrifolia
Coastal-Plain Palafox
Panicum repens
Torpedograss
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper
Paspalum setaceum
Thin Paspalum
Passiflora suberosa
Corkystem Passionflower
Pelandra virginica
Green Arrow Arum / Tuckahoe
Pentalinon luteum
Wild Alamanda
Perea borbonia
Red Bay
Phyla nodiflora
Fog Fruit / Creeping Charlie
Physalis angustifolia
Coastal Ground Cherry
Phytolacca americana
Pokeweed
Pityopsis gramnifolia
Narrowleaf Silk Grass
Pluchea odorata
Pluchea / Salt Marsh Fleabane
Poinsettia cyanthophora
Painted Leaf / Wild Poinsettia
Poinsettia heterophylla
Fiddler's Spurge / Mexican Fireplant
Polanisia tenuifolia
Pineland Catchfly / Slenderleaf Clammyweed
Polygala violacea
Showy Milkwort
Polygonum hydropiperoides
Mild Water-Pepper / Swamp Smartweed
Polypremum procumbens
Rustweed / Juniperleaf
Pontederia cordata
Pickerelweed
Portulaca pilosa
Pink Purslane / Kiss-Me-Quick
Psychotria nervosa
Shinyleaf Wild Coffee
Psychotria sulznerei
Shortleaf Wild Coffee / Dull-Leaf Wild Coffee
Ptilimnium capillaceum
Mock Bishopsweed
Quercus geminata
Sand Live Oak
Quercus laurifolia
Laurel Oak
Quercus myrtifolia
Myrtle Oak
Quercus virginiana
Virginia Live Oak
Rhodomyrtus tomentosa
Downy Rose Myrtle
Rhynchelytrum repens
Natal Grass
Richardia brasiliensis
Tropical Mexican Clover
Richardia grandifolia
Erect Richardia
Richardia scabra
Rough Mexican Clover / Florida Pusley
Roystonea regia
Royal Palm
Ruellia blechum
Green Shrimp Plant
Sabal palmetto
Cabbage Palm
Sagittaria lancifolia
Lance Leafed Arrowroot / Duck Potato
Salix caroliniana
Carolina Willow/ Coastal Plain Willow
Salix floridana
Florida Willow
Salvia serotina
Littlewomen
Sambucus canadensis
American Elderberry
Sansevieria hyacinthoides
Mother-In Law’s Tongue / Snake Plant
Saururus cernuus
Lizard's Tail
Schefflera actinophylla
Schefflera
Schinus terebinthefolius
Brazilian Pepper
Senna occidentalis
Septicweed / Coffee Senna
Serenoa repens
Saw Palmetto
Serenoa repens
Silver Saw Palmetto
Setaria sp.
Bristlegrass / Foxtail
Sida cordifolia
Llima / Flannel Weed
Sida rhombifolia
Indian Hemp / Cuban Jute
Sideroxylon foetidissimum
False Mastic
Simarouba glauca
Paradise Tree
Smilax auriculata
Earleaf Greenbrier / Catbrier
Smilax bona-nox
Saw Greenbrier/ Catbrier
Solanum americanum
American Nightshade
Sonchus oleraceus
Common Sowthistle
Sand Cordgrass / Bunch Grass
Spermacoce verticillata
Shrubby False Buttonweed
Sphagneticola trilobata / Wedelia trilobata
Wedelia / Creeping Oxeye
Stachytarpheta jamaicensis
Blue Porterweed
Stachytarpheta cayennensis
Needleleaf Velvetberry
Pineland ScalyPink
Swietenia mahagoni
West Indian Mahogany
Symphyotrichum bahamense
Bahaman Aster
Symphyotrichum dumosum
Rice Button Aster / Bushy American-Aster
Symphyotrichum elliottii
Elliott's Aster
Thalia geniculata
Fire Flag / Alligator Flag
Tillandsia balbisiana
Wild Pine / Northern Needleleaf
Tillandsia fasciculata
Cardinal Airplant / Wild Pine
Tillandsia paucifolia
Potbelly Airplant
Tillandsia recurvata
Ballmoss
Tillandsia setacea
Southern Needleleaf
Tillandsia usneoides
Spanish Moss
Tillandsia utriculata
Giant Airplant
Tillandsia variabilis
Leatherleaf Airplant
Toxicodendron radicans
Poison Ivy
Tradescantia spathacea
Oysterplant / Moses-in-the-Cradle
Trichostema dichotomum
Forked Bluecurls
Tripsacum dactyloides
Fakahatchee Grass / Eastern Gamagrass
Typha domingensis
Southern Cat-tail
Urena lobata
Caesar Weed
Urochloa maxima
Guinea Grass
Vaccinium myrsinites
Shiny Blueberry
Vicia acutifolia
Sand Vetch / Fourleaf Vetch
Vigna luteola
Hairy Cowpea
Vitis rotundifolia
Muscadine Grape / Southern Fox Grape / Scuppernong
Waltheria indica
Sleepy Morning
Ximenia americana
Tough Bumelia / Hog Plum / Tallowwood
Xyris sp
Yellow-Eyed Grass
Youngia japonica
Oriental False Hawksbeard
Yucca aloifolia
Spanish Bayonet
Zanthoxylum fagara
Wild Lime
Zeuxine strateumatica
Soldier Orchid

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